The Team Lead, Infection Prevention Control Pillar (IPCP), Lagos State Ministry of Health, Dr. Oluwatosin Ijimakinwa, has identified Nigeria as one of the countries that stands a high risk of experiencing a second wave of the COVID-19 pandemic if standard precautionary measures are not put in place.
Dr. Ijimakinwa made this assertion at a training organised for clinical staff at the facility. According to her, standard precautions are being taken by health care workers to protect themselves regardless of whether the disease and mode of transmission is known or not.
She averred that Infection Prevention Control (IPC) are strategies that must be adopted to avert a second wave of the pandemic, urging the people to maintain a healthy and hygienic lifestyle.
“Nigeria is experiencing a second wave of COVID-19, we should be better prepared and equipped to handle this second wave because we already know about it and we have been trained on it”, she said.
The medical expert further disclosed that major clinical signs and symptoms of COVID-19 is loss of smell and taste, high fever, severe cough, abdominal pain, weakness, stooling, breathlessness and organ failure.
Ijimakinwa also said that 80% will have mild symptoms and may not require hospitalization, 15% will require oxygen support and other forms of high-level care, 5% will need intubation and ventilator support, while older people are more likely to experience severe symptoms.
She stated further that standard precautions are designed to protect staff and patients from contact with infectious agents wherever health care is delivered, saying it should be used all the time whether infection is known or not.
She said: “Frequent and proper hand hygiene, practicing cough etiquette, occupational health, safe injection practices, being careful with sharps, handling of waste correctly, handling linen correctly, cleaning our equipment between patients are some of the basic standard precautions we must observe as health care workers in order to protect ourselves and patients from any form of disease(s)”.